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What Is BIM: Neither Software Nor A Program, But A Methodology

BIM is Building Information Modeling. What is BIM? Is it software? What are the best programs for BIM? Let’s talk about Building Information Modeling today. The acronym of BIM is Building Information Modeling: a model of a structure with project data. BIM is a strategy incorporating more programming reasonable for plan and development, utilized for its different improvement stages. Everything concerning the structure and development area is, in this way, exactly through BIM, gathered and joined carefully.

BIM is not software but a complex and innovative methodology essential for the predominantly public construction, architectural and infrastructural sectors. It is vital to state-run administrations, confidential people, and huge-scope projects. BIM is likewise a coordinated plan technique whose uniqueness lies in the capacity to gather, bring together and join every one of the information concerning the plan arranging of a structure. The utilization of BIM includes both the ex-Novo for times and strategies for execution and the future existence of the actual structure through administration and office of the board. 

When we discuss BIM, we are discussing an exceptionally creative area that will contribute to the administration limit of the contracting specialists, the plan organizations, and the granted organizations that will complete the execution of the work. Fundamentally, BIM is utilized not just for arranging the development of a structure but at the same time is a fundamental strategy for checking, confirming and decreasing blunders during the execution of a severe model preventive control technique.

History Of BIM: How Was It Born, And What Were The First Uses Of This Design Methodology?

We can give an important development date of BIM, which coincides with 1987, the year in which the first real BIM “experiment” took place through the use of a virtual construction that was designed with the help of ArchiCAD. From that moment, BIM began to have an increasingly marked development, even though there were many discussions and doubts about the term used for its denomination.

Today BIM is defined as an integrated process of sharing the information obtained and not only, therefore, as a method based on information: there is a sort of multidisciplinarity of this methodology, and it is, therefore, true that its use is fundamental today in the construction sector. Over the years, it has always evolved into an indispensable methodology for large-scale works in which a dispersion of data can occur. Through this, it is possible not only to plan and manage but also to develop the virtual models produced with other software.

What Is BIM For?

A project can also be fully implemented with this methodology, which, as specified, makes it possible to join the “forces” of many technical professional categories in the building sector. The key to the efficiency of BIM design is to be a multidisciplinary platform in which the operational cooperation of designers who work within a project to build a model can take place with a certain ease and ease. However, BIM has some interesting uses and functions, whether it deals, as mentioned, with the construction sector or refers to the facility management sector. In detail, therefore:

  1. Within the facility management sector, it can be very useful for the management, planning and control of aspects and resources related to the maintenance aspect of a building
  2. Within the construction sector, BIM is very important because it allows correct development and adequate management, without errors, of the multidisciplinary project in which all parties involved can therefore participate more easily. We repeat, multidisciplinarity is, therefore, a characterizing factor of BIM: thanks to it, it is possible to share and continuously control the process between the various subjects involved, from the client to the executing company.

Within a BIM project, therefore, there may be all the data concerning the design of a building. BIM is a process, a methodology inherent in the digital representation of a work and characterized by the interoperability and sharing of data regarding the entire life cycle of a building: geospatial data, mechanical, electrical, financial, and legal data, material specifications, energy and environmental assessment, returning various types of data, from 2D drawings to texts to time (4D) and cost (5D) elements.

Project Actors: Who Can Use BIM

In the construction sector, BIM can be used by anyone who is a legitimate part of and involved in the production process. BIM can be used in a useful way by project stakeholders, i.e. specifically all those who can participate in the project, such as:

  1. Architecture graduates;
  2. Engineering graduates;
  3. Surveyors;
  4. Entrepreneurs and builders;
  5. Clients of the project.

Knowledge and skills: who can use BIM, and how the specific knowledge is obtained. The BIM method involves, as already mentioned, several disciplines and must be used to obtain the maximum of the combined and collected information regarding the entire life cycle of a work. To understand the BIM methodology, you cannot improvise.

Competence in this discipline comes from solid basic training completed by a specialization in a particular sector, such as infrastructure, plant engineering, or BIM Certifications. The right training allows for optimizing the project effectively and not making mistakes. Furthermore, obtaining a certification is also necessary and important to obtain a certain professional qualification and to be able to work with a certified and effective tool.

Also Read: Project Management In The Construction Field


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