With the 5G expansion, download speeds are faster, but the network architecture and the importance of mobile networks are also changing. What 5G offers and what advantages and disadvantages result from it:
What Are The Advantages Of 5G
- Higher transmission speed: up to 10 GBit/s are possible in the download.
- Lower latency: less than 1 ms can be achieved between mobile device and base station.
- Lower energy consumption
- More variable: Profile can be adapted to requirements.
- Many devices: more devices can be connected due to the higher frequency ranges.
What Are The Disadvantages Of 5G
- Less range: the high frequencies, in particular, lose capacity.
- More base stations: More cell towers are needed due to the reduced range.
- Increasing network costs: network expansion and operation costs will probably increase due to the mass density.
- More interfaces: 5G will connect more devices to the Internet. This also increases the theoretical gateways for cybercriminals.
5G does not only bring advantages. However, given the increasing digital transformation and the importance of digitization for almost all industries, the 5G expansion is still progressing quickly. The higher data rates are a pleasant improvement for consumers, but the 5G standard is essential for industry and business.
Networked processes, intelligent factories, or predictive maintenance are already shaping as an industrial location and will become even more critical in the future. And all these applications depend on fast and reliable 5G connections. Future applications such as autonomous driving or entire smart cities also require robust 5G networks.
What Are The Main Applications Of 5G?
Since 5G networks can be custom-made to clients’ necessities, a qualification is made between three primary application situations. First, Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB) ensures a high information rate for cell phones. For IoT applications, then again, Massive Machine Type Communication (MTC) is favored because it permits numerous gadgets to be associated. What’s more, for applications in the field of computerization, Ultra-Reliable-Low-Latency-Communications (uRLLC) is ideal since ordinary correspondence with extremely low inactivity is conceivable here. This is how the scenarios are used in practice:
eMBB – High Speed Everywhere
The expanded mobile broadband connection is particularly suitable for mobile devices. The classic use case is a user walking in the direction of the subway tunnel and wanting to download a series episode or a playlist in the last few meters. As 4K, 6K, or even 8K videos become the standard in the future, the maximum download rate of 10 GBit/s with 5G will become increasingly important. In addition, the success of mobile augmented, and virtual reality applications will largely depend on the 5G expansion.
MTC – Industry Networked
This application profile is ideally suited for IoT applications and machine-to-machine communication. Analysts estimate that by 2025 there will be approximately 75.44 billion IoT devices installed. This includes both industrial machines and household appliances such as refrigerators.
Although this results in large amounts of data overall, individual devices send relatively small data packets. Therefore, math is less geared towards high speeds. The strengths of this 5G profile are to integrate many devices, cover a large area, and consume little power. For example, sensors can be used to monitor fields without a constant power supply in agriculture.
uRLLC – Reliable Automation
The main thing here is to establish connections with the lowest possible latency, which are also very stable. Since the applications in automation should do without human intervention, reliability is an essential requirement. Autonomous driving in a smart city would be a conceivable scenario for this profile. In practice, it is currently mainly used for automated processes within Industry 4.0. In a 5G company network, minimum latency times of 1 ms or even less can be achieved.